Full Program »
Collaboration networks as a critical factor for sustainable organisations: five years of the the Nexus24 programme at UPC-BarcelonaTech on collaborative communities.
Collaboration networks as a critical factor for sustainable organizations: five years of the the Nexus24 programme at UPC-BarcelonaTech on collaborative communities.
Didac Ferrer-Balas, Ginevra Lazzerini, Martí Rosas
Innovation and Community Unit, UPC-BarcelonaTech Research Institute on Sustainability Science and Technology, UPC-BarcelonaTech
The program presented in this paper shows a novel focus to the sustainability in/of universities. The reflection on organizational models have generally not been a topic in this field. The paper presents the five first years of development of a program that aims to create a collaborative culture among the management staff of UPC-BarcelonaTech.
Sustainability efforts in universities have generally focused on curriculum, research, operations or outreach. As many other universities, it has also been the case at UPC (Ferrer-Balas et al. 2004, 2008, 2010). In 2011, the economic crisis brought drastic reductions of the resources available, what contributed to dismantle some interdisciplinary and institutional structures and initiatives, which revealed not resilient enough. The economic cuts were at the root of an energy efficiency Plan carried out between the years 2011 and 2014. As a result, in 2014, the energy consumption of the UPC campuses had been reduced 27% compared to 2010, saving around 4M€ to the University. Without any available budget, the main success factors were (i) urgency and focus on a specific issue (energy), (ii) transparency and access to data and (iii) collaborative work among administrative staff.
After this successful experience, efforts were put to build a new operative system to manage the university on a collaborative mode, by creating an internal Programme called Nexus24, which has the purpose of “making collaborative work normal by 2024” thus overcoming organizational fragmentation and enhancing collaborative communities across UPC. The potential is not only to change the culture, but the operating system through creating a complementary working structure to the hierarchic one. This network-type structure would be organic, based on self-managed teams and would produce value through innovative projects.
Especially among the administrative staff, the working culture is bureaucratic and the organization highly compartmentalized. Legal framework and other restrictions have brought it to operate traditionally in a hierarchic mode. Resources are more and more limited while needs always growing, provoking the frustration of many of the staff and bringing low levels of motivation. The program is based on learning by doing method through projects proposed by university staff, with the participation thus far of more than 350 people and 30 projects aimed at improve the university.
An crisis generally stimulates two types of opposed responses: on one hand, fear-related as competition, fragmentation, control through strong hierarchy, etc; on the other, collaboration, flexibility, openness, sharing power and resources, etc. The Nexus24 program aims to be an example of the “second type” of responses to crisis suggested above (collaborative not competitive), and aims to change the working culture at the university in ten years.
The main originality of this approach is that instead of searching sustainability as an explicit goal, we expect to obtain it more as a consequence by enabling deep changes in the “way we work” and modifying the working relationships in the organization. This program is conceptually rooted on the integration of Communities of practice (Wenger et al. 2002), Dual Organizations (Kotter XXX), Living-systems (Capra, 2002), Diversity and Complexity (Page, 2011), Agile methodologies , collaborative networking (Figueroa 2016), Design thinking (Brown 2009), Teal organizational models (Laloux, 2015), Beta Codex (Pflaeging, 2014), Theory U (Scharmer, 2016), among other inspiring frameworks. . The paper will describe the functional components of the programme, its KPIs, process map, new operational roles and collaborative tools, as well as the outcomes of the research project “Collaboscopi” which aims at monitoring the impact of the Nexus24 program.
Ferrer-Balas D. (2004) “Global environmental planning at the Technical University of Catalonia”. International Journal of Sustainability in Higher Education 5(1):48–62. D. Ferrer-Balas, J. Adachi, S. Banas, C.I. Davidson, A. Hoshikoshi, A. Mishra, Y. Motodoa, M. Onga and M. Ostwald (2008), “An international comparative analysis of sustainability transformation across seven universities”, International Journal of Sustainability in Higher Education Vol. 9 No. 3, 2008 pp. 295-316 Mulder, K.F., Segalas-Coral, J. and Ferrer-Balas, D. (2010), “Educating engineers for/in sustainable development? What we knew, what we learned and what we should learn”, Thermal Science, Vol. 14 No. 3, pp. 625-39. Didac Ferrer-Balas, Rodrigo Lozano, Donald Huisingh, Heloise Buckland, Pere Ysern, Gyula Zilahy (2010) Journal of Cleaner Production 18, 607–610 Going beyond the rhetoric: system-wide changes in universities for sustainable societies. Capra, F. (2002) The Hidden Connections. London: HarperCollins Pflaeging, N. (2014) Organize for Complexity: How to Get Life Back Into Work to Build the High-Performance Organization. New York: BetaCodex Publishing. Wenger, E.; McDermott, R.; Snyder, W. (2002) Cultivating Communities of Practice.Boston: Harvard Business School Press. Laloux, F. (2014) Reinveting organizations. A guide to creating organizations inspired by the next stage of human consciousness. Nelson Parker, Brussels. Figueroa, C. (2016) Trabajo en red y sistemes de articulación colaborativas. Corfo. Chile. Brown (2009) Change by Design: How Design Thinking Transforms Organizations and Inspires Innovation, Harper Business. Page, S. E. (2011). Diversity and Complexity. (P. U. Press, Ed.). Princeton University Press, 41 William Street, Princeton, New Jersey 08540. Scharmer, O. C. (2016). Theory U: Leading from the Future as it emerges (Second Edi). Berret-Koehler Publishers, Inc.